International Journal of Internet Science
A peer reviewed open access journal for empirical findings, methodology, and theory of social and behavioral science concerning the Internet and its implications for individuals, social groups, organizations, and society.
Continuous Measurement of Musically-Induced Emotion: A Web Experiment
Hauke Egermann, Frederik Nagel, Eckart Altenmüller, Reinhard Kopiez
Hanover University of Music and Drama
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the validity of the Internet-based ESeRNet software for the measurement of emotional music experiences by comparing the data of this study with those previously collected in a lab experiment. Participants (N = 83) listened to different music pieces online. At the same time they gave a continuous self-report about their emotional state by moving their computer-mouse in a two-dimensional emotion space and indicating chills (strong emotions accompanied by shivers down the spine or goose pimples) by clicking the mouse button. The emotional dimensions assessed were arousal and valence. Participants reported that the music pieces caused different emotional reactions that were not significantly different from the lab study using the same stimuli. Thus, the validity of this Internet-based method could be confirmed. In general, nearly all participants evaluated positively most aspects of the study — with the exception of the participation time. None of the technical parameters investigated at the participants' computers significantly affected the emotional self-report, but an influence of the self-rated concentration on arousal and chill ratings was observed. The results also show that experiments in the Web offer a promising way for emotion research and provide insights on emotions experienced when listening to music in every day life.
Keywords: Emotion, music, Web experiment, continuous rating, Internet
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